The Nature of Assessment For many years, a transmission view of knowledge, curriculum, and assessment dominated and appeared to satisfy our social, political, and economic needs. The corollary assessment question was, What counts as evidence that the knowledge really is in their heads? In a transmission view, it made sense to develop educational standards that specified the content of instruction before developing assessment procedures and engagements.
A phenotypic characteristic, acquired during growth and development, that is not genetically based and therefore cannot be passed on to the next generation for example, the large muscles of a weightlifter. Any heritable characteristic of an organism that improves its ability to survive and reproduce in its environment.
Also used to describe the process of genetic change within a population, as influenced by natural selection. A graph of the average fitness of a population in relation to the frequencies of genotypes in it.
Peaks on the landscape correspond to genotypic frequencies at which the average fitness is high, valleys to genotypic frequencies at which the average fitness is low. Also called a fitness surface. A behavior has adaptive logic if it tends to increase the number of offspring that an individual contributes to the next and following generations.
If such a behavior is even partly genetically determined, it will tend to become widespread in the population. Then, even if circumstances change such that it no longer provides any survival or reproductive advantage, the behavior will still tend to be exhibited -- unless it becomes positively disadvantageous in the new environment.
The diversification, over evolutionary time, of a species or group of species into several different species or subspecies that are typically adapted to different ecological niches for example, Darwin's finches.
The term can also be applied to larger groups of organisms, as in "the adaptive radiation of mammals. A mode of coping with competition or environmental conditions on an evolutionary time scale.
Species adapt when succeeding generations emphasize beneficial characteristics. A person who believes that the existence of a god or creator and the nature of the universe is unknowable. An umbrella term for various simple organisms that contain chlorophyll and can therefore carry out photosynthesis and live in aquatic habitats and in moist situations on land.
The term has no direct taxonomic significance.
Algae range from macroscopic seaweeds such as giant kelp, which frequently exceeds 30 m in length, to microscopic filamentous and single-celled forms such as Spirogyra and Chlorella. One of the alternative forms of a gene.
For example, if a gene determines the seed color of peas, one allele of that gene may produce green seeds and another allele produce yellow seeds.
In a diploid cell there are usually two alleles of any one gene one from each parent. Within a population there may be many different alleles of a gene; each has a unique nucleotide sequence.
The relation between the size of an organism and the size of any of its parts. For example, an allometric relation exists between brain size and body size, such that in this case animals with bigger bodies tend to have bigger brains. Allometric relations can be studied during the growth of a single organism, between different organisms within a species, or between organisms in different species.
Speciation that occurs when two or more populations of a species are geographically isolated from one another sufficiently that they do not interbreed.Controlling Idea Topic Sentence - Jan. Regents exam Controlling Idea Sample Question Learning a skill is like learning to walk.
If you don’t give up, you will get better like the person in the first passage.
In Kyoko Mori’s essay “Yarn,” at first she finds no joy in learning to knit because she is ashamed of her less than. My essay is a level 6 if I My essay is a level 5 if I My essay is a level 4 if I My essay is a level 3 if I My essay is a level 2 if I My essay is a level 1 if I MY SCORE: MEANING: How well do I complete the Task?
Provide an insightful interpretation of the quote and includes all idea in the quote. On Part 3 of the Regents, you will be asked to compare 2 texts to a common topic and write a controlling idea paragraph.
These tips can be used, however, for any essay writing to create a controlling idea or thesis statement. The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY Wednesday, January 24, — a.m.
to p.m., only Student Name _____ School Name _____.
Regents Exam in ELA (Common Core) Rating Guide — June ’16  The response introduces a clear central idea (In the text, the controlling idea of obsescion is shown. It shows how a native boy has such a passion for his city, Charleston, South Carolina) and a writing strategy.
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